The Butterfly World

After the Coleoptera (beetles and buckets), the butterflies are the second largest group of insects on the planet. The multitude of butterflies and moths that live in tropical rainforests has the highest variety of shapes, colors, and mimicry of the insect world.They belong to the genus Lepidoptera, this name refers to its wings covered with scales. Ther undergo  a complete metamorphosis with four stages: egg, larvae (caterpillar), pupa (chrysalis) and adult. 

They feed on a variety of substances: nectar, pollen, ripe fruit, carrion, dung, urine and other animal and plant exudates. Most of the species  actively seek nectar from flowering plants, carrying pollen from one to another and contribute to the pollination process. They are also important indicators of environmental change due to relationship with plants. 

They live in a variety of habitats, from tundra to the jungle, and from lower altitudes to sea level to almost 6,000 m above sea level. In the tropics, where they reach more diversity, many butterflies can fly all year round. The mild climate and abundance of resources allows a faster larval development and an average life of 30 days to adult, throughout the year they can produce up to 15 generations. 

Very well studied by the fans who have provided extensive information on its biology and distribution, the butterflies have become a key test group of ecological and evolutionary research. Are well suited for genetic research in the laboratory. Their shapes, colors and sizes, achieve a significant commercial value for display in museums, botanical gardens, zoos, butterfly display to the public, collectors and artisans.

1 Fun Facts
2 Rituals and Legends
3 Butterfly Biology

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